Menschen im Weltraum. Statistik. Humans in space. Statistics. Человек в космосе. Статистика.
To date, 594 cosmonauts and astronauts have made orbital space flights. (55 more made suborbital space flights). Among 594 astronauts - 71 women . Citizens of 40 states (3 of them USSR, GDR and Czechoslovakia are no longer exist) made orbital space flights.

Cumulative time in space.


Until June 28, 2015, the russian cosmonaut Sergey Krikalev was a record holder in the total duration of stay in space. He committed six space flights, the total flight time was 19281 hours 39 minutes, or 803 days 9 hours 39 minutes or (approximately) 2 years 2.3 months. Sergey Krikalev was a member of two long-term crews at the Mir station, two long-term ISS crews ( ISS-1 and ISS-11 ), as well as made two flights on the American shuttles. June 28, 2015 Krikalev's record surpassed the Russian cosmonaut Gennady Padalka . In total, Padalka made five space flights with the cumulative duration amounted to 21083 hours 32 mituts (878 days 11 h 32 m).
On the second place is Yuri Malenchenko (827 d 9 h 24 m 22 s, 19857 h 24 m 22 s). The russian cosmonauts also have the third, fourth, fifth and sixth total space time. Sergey Krikalev (802 d 15 h 8 m 11 s, 19263 h 8 m 11 s), Alexander Kaleri (769 d 6 h 35 m 1 s, 18462 h 35 m 1 s), Sergey Avdeev (747 d 14 h 14 m 1 s, 17942 h 14 m 1 s) and Valery Polyakov (678 d. 16 h 33 m 18 s, 16288 h 33 m 18 s).
List of all cosmonauts and cosmonauts by cumulative time in space.
List of russian cosmonauts by cumulative time in space.

Cumulative time in space of astronauts excluding the USA and Russia.


Until December 2018, the largest total time of space flights among astronauts of third countries (excluding the United States and Russia) had German astronaut Thomas Reiter . He made 2 space flights, his total time in space is 8416 hours 28 minutes or 350 days 16 hours 28 minutes. In December 2018, Reiter’s time exceeded another German cosmonaut Alexander Gerst - his time is 362 d 1 h 50 m 7 s (8689 h 50 m 7 s). The Italian astronaut Luca Parmitano surpassed Gerst's time. After the completion of the second flight on February 6, 2020, the total time of Parmitano was 366 d 23 h 1 m 15 s (8807 h 1 m 15 s). French astronaut Thomas Pesquet surpassed the time of Parmitano. After the completion of the second flight on November 9, 2021, the total time of Pesquet was 396 d 11 h 34 m 25 s (9515 h 34 m 25 s).
Full list of non american and non russian astronauts by cumulative time in space.

The age of astronauts.



At the oldest age, the last (second) flight made John Glenn October 29, 1998 in the shuttle Discovery STS-95 at the age of 77 years 3 months 11 days. Storey Musgrave made his sixth space flight November 19, 1996 in the shuttle Columbia STS-80 at the age of 61 year 3 months.
The youngest female astronaut remains Valentina Tereshkova June 16, 1963 in the Vostok-6 at the age of 26 3 months 10 days. In the oldest age made a space flight Barbara Morgan August 8, 2007 in the shuttle Endeavour STS-118 at the age of 55 years 8 months 10 days.
Lists of astronauts by age: The first space flight at the age of less than 30 years was made by 13 cosmonauts. The first space flight at the age of more than 55 years was made by 6 astronauts.
How many astronauts made the first space flights at different ages:
  • 13 astronauts (2,2%) ≤ 30 years
  • 30 years < 62 astronauts (10,5%) ≤ 35 years
  • 35 years < 231 astronauts (39,0%) ≤ 40 years
  • 40 years < 179 astronauts (30,2%) ≤ 45 years
  • 45 years < 79 astronauts (13,3%) ≤ 50 years
  • 50 years < 20 astronauts (3,4%) ≤ 55 years
  • 55 years < 8 astronauts (1,4%)

Increasing the duration of space flight.


Yuri Gagarin made the first space flight on April 12, 1961 on a spacecraft Vostok lasting 1 hour 48 minutes. The first daily flight was made by a Soviet cosmonaut German Titov on a spacecraft Vostok-2August 6-7, 1961. The first space flight lasting more than a week was made by American astronauts Charles Conrad and Gordon Cooper on the spacecraft Gemini 5 from 21 to 29 August 1965. Second crew of the US space station Skylab Alan Bean, Owen Garriott and Jack Lousma spent in space for almost two months from July 28 to September 25, 1973. Soviet cosmonauts Vladimir Kovalenok and Alexander Ivanchenkov spent more than 100 days in space at Salyut 6 from June 15 to November 2, 1978. Soviet cosmonauts Anatoly Berezovoy and Valentin Lebedev spent in space at station Salyut 7 from May 13 to December 10, 1982, more than 200 days. Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Romanenko spent in space at Mir station from February 5 to December 29, 1987 more than 300 days. The first annual space flight was made by cosmonauts Vladimir Titov and Musa Manarov at Mir station from December 21, 1987 to December 21, 1988. The longest space flight made cosmonaut Valery Polyakov at Mir station from January 8, 1994 to March 22, 1995. Polyakova’s flight lasted 437 days 17 hours 58 minutes.

Soyuz TMA-13.


October 12, 2009 in space on the ship Soyuz TMA-13 ” launched another expedition ISS-18 . The commander of the ISS-18 is an American astronaut Michael Fincke. Michael Fincke flew the second time in space on the Russian ship Soyuz. He became the first American astronaut to fly twice in space on the Soyuz ships. After two flights aboard the Soyuz, Michael Fink made the third flight on the shuttle Endeavour STS-134 . After this flight, Fink became the champion in terms of the total duration of space flights from American astronauts. He made the first space flight on a Soyuz TMA-4 spacecraft.

Charles Simonyi.


American programmer and entrepreneur Charles Simonyi from March 26 to April 8, 2009 on the ship Soyuz TMA-14 made a second space flight. Simonyi became the first astronaut to commit two space flights at their own expense. The first flight he made in April 2007 on a ship Soyuz TMA-10 , he paid 20 million dollars. For the second, on the ship Soyuz TMA-14 - 35 million dollars.

Total time in space of American astronauts.


The largest total time in a space among American astronauts until April 16 2008 had


Michael Foale . He made 6 space missions, his total time in space was 8976 hours 19 minutes or 373 days 23 hours 19 minutes. April 16, 2008, Michael Foale's record surpassed Peggy Whitson, who participated in two long-term Expeditions ISS-5 and ISS-16. Peggy Whitson’s total time in space was 9,041 hours 22 minutes. (376 days 17 h 22 m). May 27, 2011 Whitson improved time of Michael Fincke . After the third spaceflight on the shuttle Endeavour STS-134 Fincke's total time was 9159 hours 10 minutes (381 days 15 hours 10 minutes). October 15, 2015, Fincke's time surpassed Scott Kelly. After almost a year's flight, Scott Kelly returned on the earth on March 2, 2016. After four Kelly's flight his time was 520 days 10 hours 34 minutes. August 24, 2016 Kelly record surpassed Jeffrey Williams . Williams returned on the earth On September 7, 2016, his total time in space was 534 days 2 h 49 m. After the third flight from November 17, 2016 to September 3, 2017 Peggy Whitson regained the American record: 665 d 22 h 22 m 58 s (15982 h 22 m 58 s), this is the ninth place among all astronauts.
Full list of american astronauts by cumulative time in space.

How many times astronauts fly.


American astronaut Gordon Cooper August 21, 1965 launched into space in Gemini 5. It was the second space flight of Cooper, the first he made on May 15, 1963 in Fight 7. Gordon Cooper became the first astronaut twice flying into space. Astronaut Walter Schirra first flew into space three times: first flight - October 3, 1962 in Sigma 7, the second - December 15, 1965 in Gemini 6A, third October 11, 1968 in Apollo 7.


Astronaut James Lovell first flew four times into space: the first flight - December 4, 1965 in Gemini 7, the second - November 11, 1966 in Gemini 12, the third - December 21, 1968 in Apollo 8, fourth - April 11, 1970 in Apollo 13. The first astronaut to complete the fifth and sixth space flights, became John Young: first flight - March 23, 1965 in Gemini 3, the second - July 18, 1966 in Gemini 10, the third - May 18, 1969 in Apollo 10, Fourth - April 16, 1972 in Apollo 16, the fifth - April 12, 1981 in the shuttle Columbia STS-1, Sixth - November 28, 1983 in the shuttle Columbia STS-9.


Among Soviet cosmonauts, the first to launch twice into space was Vladimir Komarov. Second Flight (April 23, 1967) Komarov was simultaneously the first manned flight of the spacecraft Soyuz. By landing Komarov was killed. First three space flights cosmonauts performed simultaneously Vladimir Shatalov and Alexey Yeliseyev, who started in the crew of the Soyuz 10 on April 23, 1971. Vladimir Dzhanibekov the first of the Soviet cosmonauts made the fourth (July 17, 1984 in Soyuz T-12) and the fifth space flight (June 6, 1985 in Soyuz T-13). The first six space flights among Soviet cosmonauts made


Sergey Krikalev - the sixth flight on April 15, 2005 in Soyuz TMA-6. Currently only two astronauts made seven space flights. First did it Jerry Ross April 8, 2002 in the shuttle Atlantis STS-110. The second is Franklin Chang-Diaz June 5, 2002 on the shuttle Endeavour STS-111. A complete list of astronauts and astronauts committed


Among the women of the first two space flights made the Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya. The second became American astronaut Sally Raid. Three and more space flights among women made only American astronauts. The first three, four and five flights made Shannon Lucid. Currently, six women flew into space five times. Full list of women astronauts committed

The longest flights.


The Russian cosmonaut Valery Polyakov made the longest space flight from January 8, 1994 to March 22, 1995. Polyakov went into space in Soyuz TM-18 spent more than a year on Mir station and returned on the earth in Soyuz TM-20. Its flight duration: 437 days 17 hours 59 minutes (10505 hours 59 minutes). Three more astronauts made space flights lasting more than one year: Sergey Avdeyev (379 d 14 h 51 m), Vladimir Titov and Musa Manarov (365 d 22 h 39 m ). Four more astronauts made space flights lasting more than 300 days: Mikhail Kornienko, Scott Kelly (340 d 8 h 42), Yuri Romanenko (326 d 11 h 38 m) and Sergey Krikalev (311 d 20 h 1 m). Ten cosmonauts made space missions lasting more than 200 days.
The longest space flight among American astronauts made Scott Kelly (340 d 8 h 42 m 30 s, 8168 h 42 m 30 s).
The longest space flight among astronauts not from Russia and not from the USA was made by an astronaut from Canada David Saint-Jacques (203 d 15 h 17 m, 4887 h 17 m).
The longest space flight among women - astronauts was made by the US astronaut Peggy Whitson (289 d 5 h 1 m 30 s, 6941 h 1 m 30 s).
The list of cosmonauts and astronauts by the duration of the space flight:

The longest first flights.


Soviet cosmonaut Musa Manarov made his first flight from December 21, 1987 to December 21, 1988, together with Vladimir Titov. They started on the Soyuz TM-4 and landed on the Soyuz TM-6 and spent a year at the Mir station. For Vladimir Titov, this was the second space flight. This flight of Musa Manarov is still the longest flight for beginners. The second longest rookie space flight was by American astronaut Christina Koch - 328 days 13 hours 58 minutes (7885 hours 58 minutes). The third longest space flight for beginners was made by the American astronaut Andrew Morgan - 271 days 12 hours 48 minutes (6516 hours 48 minutes).


Pyotr Dubrov is currently making his first space flight. Her return to Earth is scheduled for March 30, 2022. By this time, the duration of the first flight of Dubrov will be almost 1 year. Dubrov will take second place in the list in terms of the duration of the first flight after Musa Manarov.

The longest female novice spaceflight was by Christina Koch, an American astronaut 328 days 13 hours 58 minutes (7885 hours 58 minutes). Her flight is also the longest rookie flight of any American astronaut.

The longest novice space flight among non-Russian and non-US astronauts was made by an astronaut from Canada David Saint-Jacques: 203 days 15 hours 17 minutes (4887 hours 17 minutes).

Tang Hongbo made the longest rookie space flight among Chinese astronauts: 92 days 4 hours 12 minutes (2212 hours 12 minutes). Ye Guangfu is currently in space at the China Space Station. He has already surpassed Tang Hongbo's time.

List of cosmonauts and astronauts by duration of the first space flight: