The first woman to perform space flight was a Soviet woman cosmonaut
. She made a space flight alone from June 16 to 19, 1963, on the spacecraft Vostok-6.
She remains the only woman to make a space flight alone, all other women flew into space as an member of crews.
The Soviet woman Svetlana Savitskaya
also became the second female cosmonaut.
The third female astronaut was the first American female astronaut Sally Raid
Total for January 1, 2024, 74 women flew into space. Of these, 57 are women from the USA, 6 from the USSR/Russia, 1 from Great Britain, 2 from Canada, 2 from Japan, 1 from France,
1 from South Korea, 2 from China, 1 from Italy and 1 from Saudi Arabia. Helen Sharman
from the Great Britain and
from South Korea are first cosmonauts their countries.
The first woman to carry out two space flights
was the Soviet woman-cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya.
The first woman to do three
became an American woman astronaut Shannon Lucid
On Juny 1, 2023, six American women astronauts carried out five space missions each.
The most long space flight
was made by an American woman astronaut
: 328 d 13 h 58 m (7885 ч 58 м). The second for a long space flight made
: 289 d 5 h 1 m 30 s (6941 h 1 m 30 s). The third for a long space flight made Italian
female astronaut Jessica Meir
: 204 d 15 h 19 m 1 s (4919 h 19 m 1 s).
This flight of Cristoforetti is the longest space flight
among astronauts not from the USSR/Russia and not from the USA.
The largest total space flight time
has Peggy Whitson,
which made four space flights: 675 d 3 h 50 m 8 s (16203 h 50 m 8 s). Peggy Whitson’s cumulative time is also the largest among
of all American astronauts
The first woman to do the EVA was the Soviet woman astronaut Svetlana Savitskaya
On July 25, 1984, Savitskaya entered in the open space from the Salyut-7 station. The first American woman to do the EVA was
- on October 11, 1984, she left Space Shuttle Challenger STS-41G
In total, 19 women
went into outer space.
The largest number of exits was made by Peggy Whitson - 10 exits with a total duration
60 h 21 m 0 s.
Number of female astronauts by country:
List of all female astronauts.
List of EVA women astronauts.
List of women astronauts who completed two space flights.
List of women astronauts who completed three space flights.
List of women astronauts who completed four space flights.
List of women astronauts who completed five space flights.